The word Yoga comes from Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’, which means ‘to link, join or merge’. In Fact, Yoga is the Union of Mind, Body and Spirit. It encompasses all three aspects of life and their union lead to a perfect stability of life. Moreover, Yoga is a set of disciplines applied on the breathing process and postures that the great sages in India has been continuously practicing over six thousand years. Their simple but fluid lifestyle enabled them to experience the energy that flows through all forms of life. Through Yoga, they developed natural ways to manipulate and direct these energy channels.
There are different types of Yoga, all of which leads to the same goal: the union of the mind, body, and spirit. Each part is distinguished by particular practices although the types of Yoga do overlap, merge, and complement each other.
Acu-Yoga lays emphasis on points and meridians and increases circulation of the life energy; this method helps to stimulate Acupuncture meridians and points without using acupuncture needles.
Bhakti Yoga enhances emotional development through true devotion and pure love. Through Bhakti Yoga, one eradicates all the evil thoughts and concentrates only on the divine thoughts.
Gnana Yoga deals with knowledge. It promotes intellectual development by allowing one to differentiate between the good and evil, righteousness and unrighteousness.
Hatha Yoga concentrates on postures and movements. It strengthens and tones up the body. Hatha is also translated as ha meaning “sun” and tha meaning “moon”. This refers to the balance of masculine aspects - active, hot, sun and feminine aspects - receptive, cool moon within all of us. Hatha Yoga specializes in creating balance and uniting opposites. In our physical bodies, we develop a balance of strength and flexibility. We also learn to balance our effort and surrender in each circumstance of life. Hatha Yoga is a powerful tool for self-transformation. It asks us to bring our attention to our breath, which helps us to still the fluctuations of the mind and be present and fully conscious in the unfolding each moment.
Karma Yoga is the yoga of service and action. It teaches us righteousness in living and shows us the importance of a detached action. It also lays emphasis on action or duty as a service to anyone but especially as a service to the supreme. As said in the Bhagawad Gita:
“To action alone has thou a right and not to its fruit. Let not the fruit of action be thy motive and neither let there be in thee any attachment to in action”.
Kundalini Yoga concentrates on spinal column in the strengthening and balancing of the nervous system.
Laya Yoga deals especially in sound vibration (mantras). Laya Yoga may be called the yoga of absorption(dissolution) in the consciousness of the Great Spirit, Light and Love.